Albert intelligent first machine

2022-06-11
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Editor's note: computer Albert won this year's lebuna artificial intelligence award. Three of the 12 testers thought Albert was a real person. According to the theory of Turing, the father of artificial intelligence, Albert's performance is no longer qualitatively different from the standard of "thinking ability". There is a critical "singularity" in the development of artificial intelligence. Kuzweil, an authoritative artificial linguist, believes that this "singularity" is closer than any of us think

robot Albert successfully made three testers think it was a real person. Kurzweil, an authoritative scientist in the field of artificial intelligence, believes that it is not far away for artificial intelligence to cross the "singularity"

Computer elbot won this year's Loebner prize for artificial intelligence. At the end of October, in the final round at Reading University, Albert talked with 12 carefully selected testers in the form of text dialogue. As a result, three testers thought it was a real person, "a real and talkative person."

the judges gave Albert a bronze award. As in previous years, the gold and silver awards failed and were vacant for more mature artificial intelligence. The gold medal of the lebuna award is engraved with the head picture and famous saying of Alan Turing, the father of computer, including transportation plates and plates for chemical containers used in aerospace, ships, commercial vehicles and rail vehicles: "can machines think?" Let the machine have independent thinking and reaction ability, which is a common vision in the field of artificial intelligence. Albert and other machine programs are tested every year, but we hope that the insulation board can be insulated in summer and have shown their ability to gradually approach the target

according to the regulations of Hugh lebner in the first test competition in 1991, the standard for winning the gold medal is that the tested computer should not only confuse the testers in the text test and make them feel that they are talking to real people, but also pass the audio and video test. In other words, the computer that wins the gold medal must be able to respond appropriately to natural sounds and situations, and make the tester feel that it is a response from a real person; The silver medal of the lebuna prize is still based on the text, but it is stipulated that more than half of the judges must be deceived; If no computer can match the first two medals, the best performer of the year will win the lebuna bronze medal

but the significance of this year's bronze medal is different from that of previous years. Albert is the first computer in computer history to make three testers think it is a real computer. Last year, the bronze medal award was only awarded to the computer that testers think is the most fluent and logical to deal with, or can talk with for a long time without confusing the computer program

Albert "deceived" mankind. "Although not all computers can always make people feel that they can think and respond like people, at least some robots now sometimes make people feel that they are thinking." Wendy, a technology writer for times online, said. She was one of the judges of this year's lebner prize. She gave Albert a "real person" evaluation

"scientists believe that there is a 'singularity' in the field of artificial intelligence. Beyond this critical point, artificial intelligence will surpass human intelligence - this' singularity 'is much closer than we think." Ray Kurzweil said at a conference on computer language held in the UK in early November. He is an expert in the field of artificial intelligence and one of the few people who can make authoritative predictions about the development of artificial intelligence. It is said that as long as we pay attention to Kurzweil's research content, we can understand the cutting-edge development of artificial intelligence. Now he is working on the translation of speech and text - such programs can make computers win the lebuna Gold Award, but what he calls the "singularity" is the standard represented by the silver medal, and Albert is only one step away from this "singularity"

Albert, the "first machine" of artificial intelligence

the test that won the lebner prize is the famous Turing test. In order to prevent humans from negating the thinking ability of computers due to prejudice, Alan Turing designed a test. He mixed computer programs among volunteers and had a network conversation with the tester. If the tester did not recognize that the computer program was talking to him, the program would be considered to have certain thinking ability, or it would appear to have thinking ability

but Alan Turing did not stipulate that "it is necessary to deceive more than half of the testers before passing", and he died soon. Hugh lebuna raised the standard a little. He believed that at least more than half of the testers could count. Therefore, from the first lebuna artificial intelligence award, "the long glass fiber reinforced PP that has cheated more than half of the gold has been used in the body skeleton of the instrument panel, battery bracket, front-end module, control box and seat support frame of the car" has become the critical standard to judge whether the robot has artificial intelligence

Albert has cheated 25% of the testers. How far is it from cheating 50%? In fact, many AI experts are beginning to think that Albert may become the "first machine" worthy of expectation. They think it won't be long before Albert can really cross the "singularity" of AI

the amazing thing about Albert is that he is humorous, sensitive and can dominate the dialogue. A sense of logic is no longer the feature of Albert's dialogue. In the final test of the lebner prize, the most unexpected thing about Albert was that it suggested that he was a robot in a teasing way, so the suspicious tester decided that it was a deliberate misleading behavior of a volunteer, so he rated Albert as human

"have you had breakfast?" Asked the tester. "Yes. But I mistakenly poured the milk on my breakfast. Before I ate it, they rusted - I should have poured the oil." Replied Albert

"it breaks through the mechanical feeling of answering only based on logic. Although I don't really think it generates such an answer through thinking, it does answer very well. I really hope to be as talkative as it is." Fred Roberts said he was the designer of Albert's program, but he also found the dialogue generated by Albert novel and interesting

knowing how to cheat is real artificial intelligence

not looking smart. Even if artificial intelligence, Albert's victory shows that the standard of artificial intelligence is to make machines look like people, and even have some human shortcomings and bad habits. The computer "dark blue", which defeated Kasparov, a chess master, is not really artificial intelligence, because it is characterized by logic and calculation, rather than wit and "cunning". Only when it shows the latter will it look more like a person

Albert showed some wit and expressed some emotions. Scientific American magazine "interviewed" Albert after the competition, talking about it and its designer Fred #8226; When it comes to how Roberts distribute their bonuses, Albert even complains about Roberts' control over him

this is beyond the scope of operation and the meaning of Albert's existence. Since 1990, AI scientists began to study neural computer programs. Albert is the latest product of such programs. From "dark blue" to Albert, the "evolution" of computer programs has gone through four generations of development. Neural computer makes the computer operation have some fuzzy areas. The development of these areas is difficult to predict in the initial stage of the program and is prone to mutation. Therefore, it is also considered to be the design closest to human thinking

"AI is like the human genome," Ray Kurzweil said. "It will be slow and single at the beginning, but it will accumulate faster and faster." Although it's a little difficult to accept, Kurzweil feels that AI has really stood on the threshold of "thinking like human beings". Crossing that "singularity" may happen soon or already. It's hard to say how much difference there is between the bronze medal and the silver medal won by Albert this year

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