85 year old man made paper in ancient ways for 76 years release date: Source: Guangzhou
walked into Fuli village, Zhenshan street, Sihui City, Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province, and the signboard of "the first folk paper making village in China" was particularly eye-catching. 2. The accumulated water in the air filter shall be discharged at any time this year; At the age of 85, Zhang Bing, the representative successor of the provincial intangible cultural heritage project "Ancient Papermaking", has been engaged in Ancient Papermaking with Cailun papermaking method for 76 years. This paper-making method, which is praised as the "living fossil of Chinese ancient paper-making", is easy to learn and difficult to master due to its cumbersome process. Now, only Zhang Xuan in Fuli village has mastered the essence of this paper-making method. In the village, Zhang Xi has become a "baby" and a "business card" of Fuli village. Many tourists come to visit his ancient papermaking process. Zhang Bo said that the ancient method of papermaking, which has been handed down for more than 800 years, should be passed down no matter how difficult it is
Fuli village is known as "the first village of papermaking in ancient China". Zhang Bing has gray hair but is hale and hearty. The villagers affectionately call him "eighth uncle". Every day, he would go up the mountain to cut bamboo or use a hammer to pound bamboo, and keep busy in his paper mill
adhere to the ancient method of making paper for more than 70 years
Zhang Yong was born in a village family that inherited the ancient method of making bamboo paper for more than 400 years. "I can't tell how many generations this ancient method of papermaking has been introduced to me. My grandfather said that many generations of our ancestors lived on this method of papermaking, and this technology has never been broken." Zhang Yong told him that he had studied local papermaking with his father since he was 9 years old. Fuli village is a good place for making bamboo paper. There is a big river called Suijiang river around Fuli village, which is rich in water resources. Even in the dry season every year, the river can support big boats. "To build a paper mill, you can't do without water." Zhang Ying pointed to a water wheel in his paddy field and said that this water wheel had been used since his father's generation and has a history of more than 100 years. Until 2000, this waterwheel was still in use. Because the electricity price is relatively cheap now, he has not used the waterwheel as a power to produce paper
Zhang Bing said that the ancient papermaking technique, which was introduced to Sihui as early as the Southern Song Dynasty, has been preserved for more than 800 years, and the production process is complete. The ancient papermaking process follows the papermaking technology invented by Cailun 2000 years ago, so it is known as the "living fossil of Chinese Ancient Papermaking". In addition to offering sacrifices to his ancestors, Zhang also offered sacrifices to his ancestors during the Spring Festival
now, as long as he can move, he will control every link of manual papermaking with his own palm. There are nearly 20 processes in ancient papermaking. As long as one of the processes goes wrong, the quality of the paper will be affected. Maybe this batch of paper will be affected and become defective products and can not be sold. In his memory, he once soaked the bamboo strips too hard, resulting in thick paper fibers, which did not meet the requirements, resulting in that none of the pieces of paper could be used. Therefore, his father scolded him severely. In those days, wasting a piece of paper might lead to the loss of half a month's rations for a family. Since then, he did not dare to relax about every detail of papermaking. For example, he said that after cutting bamboo from the mountain, the bamboo should be cut into small sections of 80cm long. It is not enough to be a little longer or a little shorter. It must be in accordance with the specifications. Then use a hammer to smash the bamboo, and then put the bamboo in a lime pond to marinate for 4 months until the bamboo decays, at least not less than 100 days. After 4 months, take out the bamboo, expose it to the sun for about half a month, and then soak it in the clean water tank for one month to remove impurities such as lime residue
Zhang Xuan's paper mill covers an area of about 200 square meters, which is divided into upper and lower floors. It seems that it has been years. In the workshop, two workers are operating according to his instructions. "The paper is still too wet. It will take less than an hour to soak in the water next time." Zhang Xuan touched the paper and made a final decision like a general's order. I love my life on the island
at the age of 85, he became a red man
in Sihui City, the intangible heritage heritage paper mill of old Zhang Bing is a popular scenic spot in Fuli village. Many foreign tourists come to Fuli village just to see the Ancient Papermaking skills of old Zhang Yong. Usually, many tourists come to the paper mill to observe the papermaking process. They also try to make paper in person, or even participate in the whole process to produce a piece of paper
Zhang Xuan told us that the finished product of a piece of hand-made paper needs to go through nearly 20 processes, including bamboo cutting, bamboo pickling, bamboo tarting, bamboo crushing, beating, pulp drying, paper making, paper pressing and paper loosening, which took 6 months
the most important process in Ancient Papermaking is to loosen the paper. If a thick stack of paper is torn apart, each sheet is too thin to use, and each sheet is too thick to use. The magic fixture of Zhang Xuan's technique has no fixed structure. The wonder is that it can not only keep the thickness of each piece of paper uniform, but also control the number of sheets of each paper within two. The thickness of each piece of paper is less than 1 mm. It depends on your hands to maintain such accuracy. "For example, if there are 500 pieces of this piece of paper, I will loosen another piece of paper, which is basically the same number." The old man said proudly. Because the paper is thin, it is easy to break when you take it. If a stack of paper breaks, it is basically impossible to sell
ancient papermaking has been exported to more than ten countries.
this papermaking method can be inherited, which is inseparable from Zhang Bing's persistence. Zhang said that in the 1970s, he and his father relied on this technology to have enough food and clothing. Seeing that the surrounding neighborhoods were suffering, he could not bear it, so he unconditionally taught the papermaking skills to other people in the village and helped the villagers build a family papermaking workshop. At its peak, every household in Fuli village has a paper mill, and the village has become "the first village in Guangdong in Ancient Papermaking"
will there be pollution from so many paper mills in the village? Zhang said with a smile that this ancient papermaking process is unique and will not cause pollution. The paper mill never directly discharges the sewage into the river outside. First, cut the bamboo into sections, and then put the bamboo in the lime pond for several months to soak it, and then retting it, resulting in changes in the fiber structure. Previously, an intangible cultural heritage expert team came to the site to test and confirm that the lime water after bamboo pickling has the effect of sterilization and disinfection. It contains high calcium and has no pollution to the environment. It can be used to irrigate rice and improve rice yield
around 2000, the local ancient paper industry was impacted. At that time, a piece of paper (about 10 kg) could only be sold for 4, not even the cost. Fortunately, the papermaking workshop belongs to his own family. Zhang Bing insisted that even if the profit was a little thin, the quality could not be reduced. In this way, it took him two years to survive the depression. Later, the price of paper products gradually picked up, rising from 4 to 6 or 10. Now a piece of paper can be sold for more than 50, and the good days of Zhang Bing are back
today, the finished product produced by Zhang Xuan is the yellow "treasure paper" (commonly known as Hui Paper) used to worship ancestors. Not only did many temples in China come to him for orders, but many Southeast Asian countries also came to him for orders after they heard about his ancient skills. Today, his handmade paper has been sold to more than ten countries, including Southeast Asian countries. Near Zhang Xuan's paper mill, there is a small white Western-style building. "I saved money by making paper by hand." The old man said with a smile. What is the market for this kind of Ancient Papermaking? A worker in the papermaking workshop told him quietly, "if you sell only paper, you can get more than 100000 yuan a year."
he has become the "business card" of the village.
at present, there are more than 50 papermaking workshops in Fuli District, of which 6 are papermaking workshops. There are about tens of thousands of employees in the whole papermaking industry, with an annual value of 50million. Two of Zhang Xuan's three sons followed him and continued to use the "ancient method" to make paper
Zhang Bing said that the ancient method of papermaking is easy to learn but difficult to refine, the process is cumbersome, and the profits are thin, so the young people in the village would rather go out to work than open a workshop at home. Moreover, now mechanized operation has a great impact on manual papermaking. Manual papermaking can produce 4000 pieces of paper a year, and the machine can produce hundreds of pieces a day. However, because I have been making paper for generations, I have a hard feeling about this craft. "It's the most difficult. I didn't give up when I didn't have any food. Now I won't give up." He said that this craft had been handed down for 800 years and could not be broken in his hands. No matter how difficult it is, it must be passed on
with the suggestions of village cadres, Zhang Xuan also began to improve the ancient papermaking process. His workshop has been able to produce high-grade paper such as painting rice paper with good water absorption and toughness. In addition, Fuli village has a rich history and beautiful scenery. Many artists also choose to settle in Fuli village. In Zhang's mansion, Sihui Poetry Association, painting and Calligraphy Association, Yueling storytelling culture center in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou and other social and cultural organizations have workstations here. Artists regularly conduct various art research and exchange activities here. Driven by Zhang Xi's paper mill, the characteristic B & B and farmhouse entertainment in Fuli village have also developed. In the evening, when the lights are on and the bridges are running, there is a special charm. Today, Fuli village receives more than tens of thousands of tourists every year, bringing more than 1million comprehensive income to local villagers. "Thanks to Uncle Ba, there are so many tourists in the village. Uncle Ba is the name card of our village." Speaking of Zhang Bing, the villagers gave a thumbs up腹胀腹痛吃什么药