Behind the hottest Internet of things concept, Chi

2022-08-11
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Behind the concept of IOT: China has no dominant patent right

[introduction: the concept of IOT has been put forward as early as 1999. It is generally understood that things are connected with each other through information sensing devices such as radio frequency identification to realize intelligent identification and management. So it doesn't seem to be new, so why is it so eye-catching? Analysts say that the sudden emergence of this word is not accidental, but has profound meaning: first, China is trying to use this industry to change the existing Internet and communication fields Human pattern; Second, if this concept is implemented in China, it is expected to create a huge network and industry application market and promote a new economic take-off.]

through RFID (radio frequency identification) and other information sensing technologies, coupled with interconnection, things are connected to achieve intelligent identification and management, which is the basic concept of IOT. This is not a new term, but it has become the hot focus of people recently. Just looking at the stock prices of Listed Companies in the IOT concept sector is like riding on a helicopter and soaring all the way

but think calmly. The value of IOT cannot be truly realized at present. Industrial standards, core technologies and so on need to go through a long cultivation period

the IOT wave may really change the world, but now is not the time

during this period, there is a new word that suddenly pops up and makes the public confused. It is IOT. CBN's contact with cutting-edge people in the IT industry is even difficult to clarify what is going on

things that are unclear are more valuable to the capital market. In the past two weeks, the stock prices of many Chinese enterprises such as Yuanwang Valley, Xiamen Xinda and new continent have risen in turn, which makes it almost impossible for people to aftertaste the investment value. Of course, these two days, their rapid decline has the same effect

however, the biggest winner should be the word IOT, which impresses people

The concept of

has been put forward as early as 1999. It is generally understood as connecting objects through information sensing devices such as radio frequency identification to realize intelligent identification and management. Wang man, senior engineer of the third R & D Department of Shanghai Institute of computing technology and head of wireless sensor network research, told CBN

it doesn't seem new, so why is it so eye-catching? Analysts said that the sudden emergence of the word is not accidental, but meaningful: first, China is trying to use this industry to change the existing pattern of being controlled by others in the Internet and communication field; Second, if this concept is implemented in China, it is expected to create a huge network and industry application market and promote a new economic take-off

but is China ready? Especially on the first point. After all, in many subdivisions of IT technology, China's core technology is a lot of regrets, and the embarrassment of being controlled by others has continued

Behind the scenes of the concept: China has no patent dominance

in IOT, RFID tag is the most critical technology and product link. Wang man said that RFID tags store standardized and interoperable information, which can be collected to the central information system through wireless networks to realize item identification, and then through open networks to realize information exchange and sharing and manage items

however, China has no dominant power in RFID bottom patents. The global RFID patent layout war has lasted for many years

the United States may be more prescient in this regard. Over the years, it has taken the lead. Up to now, its total number of applications has exceeded the total number of patent applications in the European Union, the world intellectual property organization, Japan and Chinese Mainland, as high as 53%

cbn did not get the latest data. However, the data up to 2005 can give people a glimpse. China has only 228 patent applications in this field, which is only 6.5% of the United States and 45.7% of Japan. According to incomplete statistics, as of 2006, the total number of RFID patent applications and authorizations in China was only about 600. The exfoliated materials showed many graphene like characteristics

the quantity gap is not the most critical. Chinese patents are mostly utility models, and the number of invention patents is small. The number of patents applied by foreign enterprises and organizations in China is much higher than that in China

Yang Ziqiang, a senior engineer of the China Association for standardization, said in a speech that the United States had carried out this research in the 1990s. When it let the world know, it had a large number of patents in the fields of chips, coding, air interface protocols and so on. When you know, the United States has led the world

for example, Yuanwang Valley, a domestic RFID enterprise pursued by the capital market, does applications and solutions. Its main products are electronic tags, readers and antennas, which are more like system integrators. The strategy of the United States is precisely to hope that Chinese enterprises can promote RFID applications and open up industrialization channels for their core technologies

Japan and Europe have great advantages in sensor technology. Of course, IOT also involves other technical fields, such as QR code. Among them, QR code is to record data information with the help of specific geometric figures. With the help of mobile communication network, information can be transmitted in the form of SMS. In this field, Fujian new world has mastered the core decoding technology

almost all other IOT concept stocks that have been hyped are solution integrators. As for some chip manufacturing enterprises, although they are classified into this field, they are only produced, and then processed by plastic processing processes such as extrusion, molding, injection molding, etc

core technology, in a word, is the technology that others cannot live without. In this field, which Chinese enterprise dares to stand up and say it has? Wang man said that this thing can't be bought, so he can only invest and develop it in a down-to-earth manner

China's way out: national standard plus market application

however, while rapidly enhancing research and development, China has already begun to build local industrial standards behind IOT

upstream patents are only one aspect, and the technical field is not beyond. Li Ke, senior analyst of semiconductor industry of CCID Consulting, believes that many domestic enterprises are developing RFID and other patents, which have different effects from DVD patents that make people uncomfortable. In the latter industrial chain, Chinese enterprises are mainly export-oriented, and the impact of patent fees is large, while RFID applications mainly rely on domestic. Once applied on a large scale, market demand will bring voice to China

he is worried that up to now, many countries around the world have formulated standards and accelerated their export to China, while the local standards in the Chinese market have not been introduced so far. The wear resistance of nylon materials is 90% higher than that of ordinary nylon materials, which will delay the large-scale industrial application in the future. He said that at present, no frequency allocation information has been heard, and a complete industrial chain has not really been formed

China has long wanted to set standards. In 2004, the RFID national standards working group was established. However, the working group was dissolved less than a year after its establishment due to disputes over the superior competent authority. After that, the former Ministry of information industry and other ministries and commissions launched a new organization. In 2005, the China RFID industry alliance was officially established. Over the past few years, it has been continuously accumulating core technologies, planning the construction of the industrial chain, and gradually standardizing

Yang Ziqiang previously revealed that coding and air incision protocol are important in the field of RFID technology, and the focus of the target national standard subject has been tilted towards this aspect. At present, China has completed the formulation of dozens of standard items

Wang man agreed with the above views, but he also expressed different opinions. He believes that in the absence of many core technologies, even if local standards are created, it is difficult to obtain practical benefits from real market applications

the market is more inclined to factual standards. He said that the standards were formed in the process of practical application, rather than being formulated entirely by administrative means

take the RFID standard under the IOT concept as an example. At present, the major RFID standards in the world, namely EPCglobal, aim global, ISO and uid, have been applied in China. Does this mean that even if China's local standards are issued and a complete IOT industrial chain is formed, it will not be able to surpass the West in this field and reverse the situation of being controlled by others

we are serious about R & d

Wang man believes that this is a process, which does not need to belittle ourselves, but requires the efforts of the whole society. Premier Wen Jiabao mentioned the IOT in his speech in Wuxi, which is a signal that China has this strategic goal

cbn sees that the core part of RFID has been listed in the key catalogue of the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry and information technology "investment direction for technological progress and technological transformation of electronic information industry"

however, Wang man said with some criticism that China's innovation awareness and speed are not enough. He said that the United States is like a rabbit. It will always come up with business plans first, raise funds quickly, pay attention to practice, and quickly establish factual standards in the competition. Although Japan is heavily fortified, it is used to digging deep and can do deeper in many fields; Europe is like a tortoise, with the help of philosophical thinking, although not fast, but very solid. Over the past few years, Europe has established an international cooperation platform in the standards and regulations of RFID and IOT

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